Cerebral Palsy

GLOSSARY

Apgar Score - A numbered score (0-10) doctors use to assess a baby's physical state at the time of birth.

Apraxia - Impaired ability to carry out purposeful movements in an individual who does not have significant motor problems.

Asphyxia - Lack of oxygen due to trouble with breathing or poor oxygen supply in the air.

Bile Pigments - Yellow-colored substances produced by the human body as a by-product of digestion.

Cerebral - Relating to the two hemispheres of the human brain.

Computed Tomography (CT) - An imaging technique that uses x-rays and a computer to create a picture of the brain's tissues and structures.

Contracture - A condition in which muscles become fixed in a rigid, abnormal position causing distortion or deformity.

Dysarthria - Problems with speaking caused by difficulty moving or coordinating the muscles needed for speech.

Electroencephalogram (EEG) - A technique for recording the pattern of electrical currents inside the brain.

Electromyography - A special recording technique that detects muscle activity.
Failure to Thrive - A condition characterized by lag in physical growth and development.

Gait Analysis - A technique that uses camera recording, force plates, electromyography, and computer analysis to objectively measure an individual's pattern of walking.

Gastrostomy - A surgical procedure to create an artificial opening in the stomach.

Hemianopia - Defective vision or blindness that impairs half of the normal field of vision.

Hemiparetic Tremors - Uncontrollable shaking affecting the limbs on the spastic side of the body in those who have spastic hemiplegia.

Hypertonia - Increased tone.

Hypotonia - Decreased tone.

Hypoxic-ischemic Encephalopathy - Brain damage caused by poor blood flow or insufficient oxygen supply to the brain.

Jaundice - A blood disorder caused by the abnormal buildup of bile pigments in the bloodstream.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) - An imaging technique which uses radio waves, magnetic fields and computer analysis to create a picture of body tissues and structures.

Neonatal Hemorrhage - Bleeding of brain blood vessels in the newborn.

Orthotic Devices - Special devices such as splints or braces, used to treat problems of the muscles, ligaments or bones of the skeletal system.

Paresis or Plegia - Weakness or paralysis. In cerebral palsy, these terms are typically combined with another phrase that describes the distribution of paralysis and weakness, e.g., paraparesis.

Palsy - Paralysis or problems in the control of voluntary movement.

Reflexes - Movements that the body makes automatically in response to a specific cue.

Rh Incompatibility - A blood condition in which antibodies in a pregnant woman's blood can attack fetal blood cells, impairing the fetus's supply of oxygen and nutrients.

Rubella - Also known as German measles, rubella is a viral infection that can damage the nervous system in the developing fetus.

Selective Dorsal Root Rhizotomy - A surgical procedure in which selected nerves are severed to reduce spasticity in the legs.

Spastic Diplegia - A form of cerebral palsy in which both arms and both legs are affected, the legs being more severely affected.
Spastic Hemiplegia (or Hemiparesis) - A form of cerebral palsy in which spasticity affects the arm and leg on one side of the body.

Spastic Paraplegia (or Paraparesis) - A form of cerebral palsy in which spasticity affects both legs but the arms are relatively or completely spared.

Spastic Quadriplegia (or Quadriparesis) - A form of cerebral palsy in which all four limbs are affected equally.

Stereognosia - Difficulty perceiving and identifying objects using the sense of touch.

Strabismus - Misalignment of the eyes.

Ultrasonography - A technique that bounces sound waves off of tissues and structures and uses the pattern of echoes to form an image called a sonogram.

 

What is Cerebral Palsy?
What Other Medical Disorders can be associated with
space Cerebral Palsy?

What Other Major Problems are Associated with Cerebral Palsy?
What are the Risk Factors?
What are the Early Signs?
How is Cerebral Palsy Diagnosed?
How is Cerebral Palsy Managed?
What Specific Treatments are Available?
Glossary Of Terms

 

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